What does a criminal fine mean and who paid the largest criminal fine in US history?

Also known as “mulct,” a fine is a monetary penalty that a court imposes as punishment for committing a crime. In the US, Pfizer paid the largest criminal and civil fine in pharmaceutical industry. The company paid a total of $2.3 billion in fines. Quick take: what does a criminal fine mean? Willful failure to … Read more

The Most Expensive Criminal and Civil Fines: Who paid the largest fine in recent history and why?

In the US, Pfizer paid $2.3 billion in criminal and civil fines, the largest in recent pharmaceutical history. Across the ocean, TEPCO has already paid billions in fines for failing to meet nuclear powerplant safety requirements in Japan, and may end up paying much more. Class action lawsuits and individual claims against TEPCO continue to … Read more

Types of Evidence in Law: How many types of evidence are there?

There are two basic categories of evidence (1) direct evidence (2) circumstantial evidence. The former relies on witness perceptions and the latter on circumstantial evidence such as DNA. Depending on the laws in your country, you may break down these two categories into at least seven different types of evidence as explained below. Quick take: … Read more